In this article, we will be sharing what we've learnt at a recent talk we attended. It was a talk organised by Brahm Centre Singapore and presented by Dr. Irene Tirtajana about Understanding Dementia and Its Management. Read on if you would like to gain some useful knowledge about Dementia, we will also be sharing information about Dementia Screening at the end of the article.
WHAT is Dementia? WHY should we care?
Based on projections from the United Nations (UN), 47% of Singapore's total population will be aged 65 years or older in 2050. The risk of getting Dementia increases significantly after the age of 65 even though it can also affect younger people. Currently, 1 in 10 people aged 60 and above in Singapore has dementia, and the projected number of people with Dementia in Singapore will reach 103,000 in 2030 (Which is 10 years from now) and double the number in 2050.
Hence, we should definitely care about Dementia and it's crucial for us to know more about it in order to take early cautious action to help ourselves and our loved ones. We have summarized a few important concepts as below:
Dementia is NOT a part of normal ageing
It is normal to becoming more forgetful as we age but forgetfulness is NOT equivalent to dementia. And it is NOT true that dementia only affect old people. Dementia symptoms often shown as a group and the symptoms are severe enough to affect daily life, the group of symptoms may include:
Memory Loss (But remember things happened decades ago) and Losing track of the time
Difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language
Being more confused or disoriented in less familiar environments
Withdrawal from work, religion or social activities
Changes in mood, perception or behaviour in some
Alzheimer’s disease vs Dementia
The term “dementia” is used to describe a set of symptoms. Symptoms of the different forms of dementia can vary a great deal and can include the symptoms described in the last paragraph.
There are more than 100 known types of dementia however we often heard of Alzheimer's disease. This is because Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia (approximately 60% - 70%), followed by Vascular Dementia (10% - 20%).
Is Dementia inherited?
The majority of dementia is NOT inherited by children and grandchildren. In rarer types of dementia there may be a strong genetic link, but these are only a tiny proportion of overall cases of dementia. For example, a person diagnosed with rare dementia at the age of 40 may need to be more concerned about.
WHAT can we do to reduce the risk of developing dementia?
The risk factors for dementia are the same as for cardiovascular disease like heart disease and stroke. And the good news is these can be managed by leading a healthy lifestyle, here are some examples of what you should do to achieve better health and lower the risk of dementia too.
Do not smoke
Keep active and exercise regularly
Maintain a healthy weight
Eat a healthy balanced diet
Control high blood pressure and Glucose
Maintain safe cholesterol levels
Brain cognitive exercise
Ensure optimal visual and auditory input
FREE Dementia Screening in Singapore
Have you noticed any of the dementia symptoms in your parents, your loved ones or friends? You may sign up for a 20-minute dementia screening slot via this link and bring them there on 11 January 2020.
Diagnosing of dementia is complicated, based on thorough history taking and cognitive assessments, blood tests, and structural imaging studies. This Dementia screening aims to help detect signs of dementia onset, thus enabling one to make adjustments to lifestyle and diet, and access treatment options.
To sign up >> Follow this link
Important Note: The screening is FREE for Tampines and Simei residents only (SGD5 is payable upon arrival for residents from other districts). NRIC will be required for this screening and the assessment will be conducted by certified dementia assessors.
About the Organizer - Brahm Centre Singapore
Brahm Centre is a registered charity in Singapore, a member of National Council of Social Services and an Institution of Public Character. Its mission is to promote happier and healthier living. Brahm Centre offers many science-based mindfulness programs to reduce stress and enhance well-being of individuals. Feel free to visit Brahm Centre website and subscribe the newsletter to learn more about mental health.
We hope you enjoyed our sharing and gained some useful knowledge about Dementia.
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